• “light, frozen” (poem), Tree Stone Sky Stream, Munart, Sweden, 2016.
  • “Ice Storm, November 2015” (poem), San Pedro River Review, Vol. 8, No. 1, Spring 2016.
  • "a theory of cats (a mind to stay)" (poem), One, issue 6, August 2015.
  • "and, the sign says, science" (poem), Anthology of Chicago, March 2015.
  • "O Magnum Mysterium" (poem), Anthology of Chicago, March 2015.
  • "about time" (poem), Pushing the Envelope: Epistolary Poems, edited by Jonas Zdanys, Lamar University Press, 2015.
  • “mythos” (poem), The Quiet Born From Talk: Festschrift for Wendy Barker, The Creative Writing Program at UTSA, 2015.
  • Ten poems ("qi," "without silence," "among dry leaves," "concrete cold," "city of dreams," "Fallen Prose," "after an apoclypse," "counting," "Six Note Song," and "a peculiar song." translated into Chinese by Chris Song Zijiang) and eleven paintings. In Chinese-Western Poetry. issue 53, 2014, pp.26-33.
  • 时间让步了 ("time gave way"), 短诗三首 ("Three Articles"), 这次缺席中 ("in this absence"), 行为 ("in the act"), 挣开束缚 ("unbound, it rises"), 它崛起了青蛙,早晨 ("fog, morning"), 野紫罗兰 ("wild pansies"), 树的智慧 ("the intelligence of trees"), 新月之时 ("when it is new"), 迹象 ("evidence"), translated by 戴连焜. New Poetry Appreciation, Volume 4, May 2014.
  • "Meditation on a Theme of Sam Baker" (poem), Oklahoma Poems and Their Poets, Mescalita Press, Norman, Oklahoma, 2014.
  • "play" (poem), OutLoud Too, mccmcreations, Hong Kong, 2014.
  • "four notes on freedom and loss" (poem), Cha: An Asian Literary Journal, December 2013.
  • "energy in America" (poem), WTFrack 2013, Borderbend Arts Collective, 2013.
  • "Morning, Dealing with Etiquette" (poem), Anthology of Chicago, May 2013.
  • "Mutual Invisibility" (poem), Anthology of Chicago, May 2013.
  • "every best photo" (poem), After Hours, Winter 2013, Issue No. 26.
  • "when salvia bloom" (poem), After Hours, Winter 2013, Issue No. 26.
  • "advent" (poem), wonderbookofpoetry.org, 3 January 2013.
  • "still there" (poem, with Debby Sou Vai Keng), Wichita Falls Literature & Art Review, Volume 6, 2012.
  • "Seven Sorrows" (poem), Seminary Ridge Review, 15:1, Autumn 2012.
  • "Every Step" (poem), Seminary Ridge Review, 15:1, Autumn 2012.
  • "bellum omnium contra omnes" (poem), Silent Spring at 50, 14 August 2012.
  • "Woody," (poem), Elegant Rage: Woody Guthrie Centennial Anthology, Village Books Press, 2012.
  • "St. Louis, Waiting for the Train" (poem), Elegant Rage: Woody Guthrie Centennial Anthology, Village Books Press, 2012.
  • "Still Dry" (poem), Texas Poetry Calendar 2013, Dos Gatos Press, June 2012.
  • "dance to no end" (audio), Ulysses & You, Borderbend Arts Collective, 2012.
  • "portrait" (poem), Mingus at 90, Borderbend Arts Collective, 2012.
  • "U" (poem), Bloomsday 2012 and Ulysses' 90th, Borderbend Arts Collective, 2012.
  • "Illinois" (poem), Euphony, Winter 2012, Volume 12, Number 1.
  • "dark radiance" (poem), Crosstimbers, Volume 11, Number 2, Fall-Winter 2011.
  • "The Right Place to Be Lifted" (poem), Crosstimbers, Volume 11, Number 2, Fall-Winter 2011.
  • "Macao, morning" (poem), Rambunctious Review, Volume XXVII, 2011-2012.
  • "all the news" (poem), part of "A Flood of Absence," with Debby Sou Vai Keng, Blue Rock Review, Volume 7, Number 1, 2011-2012.
  • "out of water" (poem), part of "A Flood of Absence," with Debby Sou Vai Keng, Blue Rock Review, Volume 7, Number 1, 2011-2012.
  • "all this light" (poem), part of "A Flood of Absence," with Debby Sou Vai Keng, Blue Rock Review, Volume 7, Number 1, 2011-2012.
  • "Tequila Dragons" (poem, with Mary Ann O'Donnell and Yang Qian), in Agave: A Celebration of Tequila in Story, Song, Poetry, Essay, and Graphic Art, Ink Brush Press, 2011.
  • "all my doors are open" (poem), in Agave: A Celebration of Tequila in Story, Song, Poetry, Essay, and Graphic Art, Ink Brush Press, 2011.
  • "the possibility" (poem), San Pedro River Review, Special Issue: In Walt McDonald Country, Winter 2011.
  • "November, Amarillo" (poem), San Pedro River Review, Special Issue: In Walt McDonald Country, Winter 2011.
  • "the way ink thinks" (poem), exhibition catalog for Lazy Days at Black Sand Beach, Ink Paintings on Rice Paper by Sou Vai Keng, Macau, 12-27 November 2011.
  • "Saturday, Amarillo, 2009" (poem), Texas Poetry Calendar 2012, Dos Gatos Press, June 2011.
  • "Laudate" (poem), Seminary Ridge Review, 13:2, Spring 2011.
  • "L'shanah tovah" (poem), Seminary Ridge Review, 13:2, Spring 2011.
  • "Veteran's Day, Fredericksburg, 2009" (poem), Right Hand Pointing, May 2011.
  • 六首 ("A History of the Blizzard"; "Early May, Amarillo"; "Summer Tomorrow"; "They Always Do"; "A Profusion of Impossibles"; and "A Composition of Fractions," translated by Long Xiaoying), New Poetry Appreciation, Volume 3, April 2011.
  • "souls falling" (poem), Rhino, 2011.
  • "morning meditation on the warm god of the global market" (poem), Borderlands: Texas Poetry Review, Number 35, Winter 2011.
  • "every step" (poem), Rambunctious Review, Volume XXVI, 2010.
  • "a sequence of signs" (poem), Blue Rock Review, Volume 6, Number 1, 2010-2011.
  • "Sign says nothing" (poem), Blue Rock Review, Volume 6, Number 1, 2010-2011.
  • "Missouri, Advent" (poem), Blue Rock Review, Volume 6, Number 1, 2010-2011.
  • "blue vanishing" (poem), Wichita Falls Literature & Art Review, Volume 4, Winter 2010.
  • "Baba Marta" (poem), Wichita Falls Literature & Art Review, Volume 4, Winter 2010.
  • "You Can Smell Roads" (poem), Cha: An Asian Literary Journal, September 2010.
  • "one whole mess" (poem), with Debby Sou Vai Keng, After Hours, Summer 2010, Issue No. 20-21.
  • "speaking in tongues" (poem), Texas Poetry Calendar 2011, Dos Gatos Press, June 2010.
  • "for the ear of the eye" (poem), Rhino, 2010.
  • "Early May, Amarillo" (poem), Wichita Falls Literature & Art Review, Volume 3, Winter 2010.
  • "a guest giving way like ice melting" (poem), The Cresset, Volume LXXIII, Number 3, February 2010.
  • "A Kiss" (poem), The Christian Science Monitor, 21 December 2009.
  • "Compulsory Military Exercise" (poem), Writers Connect, 22 November 2009.
  • "Dragonflies" (poem), Writers Connect, 22 November 2009.
  • "In a flash" (poem), Rambunctious Review, Volume XXV, 2009.
  • "a composition of fractions" (poem), Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol 302, No 14, 14 October 2009.
  • "Shenzhen, Three Times" (poem), Cha: An Asian Literary Journal, August 2009.
  • "Eyes on Tennessee" (poem), nibble 8, 2009.
  • 为了光 ("For the Light," translated by Wang Hao and Li Sen), New Poetry Appreciation, Volume 2, January 2009.
  • "miles and miles of Texas" (poem), Concho River Review, Volume 23, Number 1, Spring 2009.
  • "After an Apocalypse" (poem), TriQuarterly 133, 2009.
  • "Qi" (poem), TriQuarterly 133, 2009.
  • "No Sign" (poem), The Cresset, Volume LXXII, Number 4, March 2009.
  • "Triangle City" (poem), Wichita Falls Literature & Art Review, Volume 2, Number 1, Spring 2009.
  • "A Mixed Economy" (poem), San Pedro River Review, Volume 1, Number 1, Spring 2009.
  • "a train" (poem), After Hours, Winter 2009.
  • "From the Inner Harbour to Taipa" (poem), in I Roll the Dice: Contemporary Macao Poetry, Macau: Association of Stories in Macao, 2008.
  • "Local Culture," (poem), (originally published in the 2007 Texas Poetry Calendar), in Big Land, Big Sky, Big Hair: Best of the Texas Poetry Calendar's First Decade, Austin, Texas: Dos Gatos Press, 2008.
  • "guidebook says" (poem), Cha: An Asian Literary Journal, November 2008.
  • "a water planet" (poem), Cha: An Asian Literary Journal, November 2008.
  • "Waiting" (poem), descant, Volume 47, 2008.
  • "Following" (poem), The Cresset, Volume LXXII, Number 1, September 2008.
  • "zuò chán" (poem), Wichita Falls Literature & Art Review, Volume 1, Number 1, Summer 2008.
  • "excavating" (poem), Wichita Falls Literature & Art Review, Volume 1, Number 1, Summer 2008.
  • "a sign" (poem), Wichita Falls Literature & Art Review, Volume 1, Number 1, Summer 2008.
  • "some green manhattan project" (poem), Wichita Falls Literature & Art Review, Volume 1, Number 1, Summer 2008.
  • "a pentecost of wildfires" (poem), Texas Poetry Calendar 2009, Dos Gatos Press, July 2008.
  • "A Net of Seven Graces: four poems on some words of Meister Eckhart," The Cresset, Volume LXXI, Number 5, June 2008.
  • "Walls flow" (poem), Macao Closer, May 2008.
  • "No Ark" (poem), Penwood Review, Volume 12, Number 1, Spring 2008.
  • "Gateway, Hong Kong" (poem), Left Facing Bird, April 2008.
  • Thirteen poems (translated by Liang Huichun), www.zgyspp.com, March 2008.
  • "A Sort of Psalm" (poem), Concho River Review, Volume 21, Number 2, Fall 2007.
  • "Albuquerque" (poem), New Texas, 2007.
  • "almost human" (poem), Mid-America Poetry Review, Volume 8, Number 3, Winter 2007-2008.
  • "When I Reach Nebraska" (poem), Mid-America Poetry Review, Volume 8, Number 3, Winter 2007-2008.
  • "bu dao zhi dao" (poem), Poetry Macao, Issue 1, November 2007.
  • "Mary, Queen of China" (poem), Poetry Macao, Issue 1, November 2007.
  • "feichang" (poem), Poetry Macao, Issue 1, November 2007.
  • "Between Places" (poem), Poetry Macao, Issue 1, November 2007.
  • "Temporal Awareness" (poem), Poetry Macao, Issue 1, November 2007.
  • "tao" (poem), Poetry Macao, Issue 1, November 2007.
  • "xizi hui" (poem), Poetry Macao, Issue 1, November 2007.
  • "On the Eve of National Day, Chicago" (poem), Poetry Macao, Issue 1, November 2007.
  • "an idea of north" (poem), Texas Poetry Calendar 2008, Dos Gatos Press, July 2007.
  • "The Missing Gospel" (poem), After Hours, Summer 2007.
  • "Contra Hegel" (poem), Mid-America Poetry Review, Volume 8, Number 1, Spring 2007.
  • Li Nan's "Eleven Line Poem" (poem), Translated with Huichun (Amy) Liang, Rhino, 2007.
  • "Indicator Species" (poem), The Cresset, Volume LXX, Number 3, February 2007.
  • "Eucharist" (poem), AmarilloBay, Volume 9, Number 1, February 2007.
  • "No Song" (poem), Concho River Review, Volume 20, Number 2, Fall 2006.
  • "Lost Cities" (poem), Bolts of Silk, 27 October 2006.
  • "epic" (poem), Bolts of Silk, 25 August 2006.
  • "The Amnesia of the Cosmos," Bolts of Silk, 25 August 2006.
  • "Heatwave," Bolts of Silk, 13 August 2006.
  • "Local Culture" (poem), Texas Poetry Calendar 2007, Dos Gatos Press, July 2006.
  • "Every Beginning" (poem), Rambunctious Review, Volume XXII, 2006.
  • Li Nan's "In the Wide World," "Under Spring Moon Shining," and "I Have Been in Many Places" (poems), Translated with Huichun (Amy) Liang, The Drunken Boat, Spring/Summer 2006.
  • Li Sen's "In the Air," "Snowfield," and "Teachings of the Buddha" (poems), Translated with Wang Hao, The Drunken Boat, Spring/Summer 2006.
  • Yang Qian's "Red Paper Napkin" and "The Man Making Roast Duck Comes" (poems), Translated with Huichun (Amy) Liang, The Drunken Boat, Spring/Summer 2006.
  • "Squeezebox" (poem), AmarilloBay, Volume 8, Number 2, May 2006.
  • "Li Bai in Pure Light," "Give Her Time," "Submission Guidelines: Poetry," "Full Moon," "Li Bai's Blanket," "December Blue," "Cold," "Close," "Indecision," and "Beware of Falling Light," Chinese translations by Zhang Xiaohong, Shichao [Poetry Tide], Vol.128, 2006, pp.80-81.
  • Li Nan's "Falling Leaves" (poem), Translated with Huichun (Amy) Liang, Rhino, 2006.
  • "63rd and Cottage" (poem), Mid-America Poetry Review, Volume 7, Number 1, Spring 2006.
  • "Water's Silence," "Bodhisattva," "On the Road to Taos," "Mountain," "City Shore," "New Criticism," and "Bodhisattva of Compassion," Chinese translations by Liang Huichun, Sichuan Literature, December 2005.
  • "Easter" (poem), New Texas, 2005.
  • "A Bit of Nothing" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 2, Spring 2005.
  • "Close Books" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 2, Spring 2005.
  • "Fat Panda" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 2, Spring 2005.
  • "Light Enough" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 2, Spring 2005.
  • "No More" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 2, Spring 2005.
  • "Nothing Nothing" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 2, Spring 2005.
  • "Poet Birds" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 2, Spring 2005.
  • "Rain Falls" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 2, Spring 2005.
  • "Sitting With Poets" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 2, Spring 2005.
  • "Small as the World" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 2, Spring 2005.
  • "Spirit Filled" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 2, Spring 2005.
  • "Around the Coyote" (poem), Big Tex[t], Volume 1, Issue 3 (Summer 2005).
  • "Even in Texas" (poem), Big Tex[t], Volume 1, Issue 3 (Summer 2005).
  • "Hope" (poem), Big Tex[t], Volume 1, Issue 3 (Summer 2005).
  • "Theologia Crucis" (poem), Big Tex[t], Volume 1, Issue 3 (Summer 2005).
  • "Volunteers" (poem), Big Tex[t], Volume 1, Issue 3 (Summer 2005).
  • "Ripened to Bewilderrment," Chicago Poetry Fest Anthology, 2005.
  • "Ten Thousand Blessed Virgin Marys," (poem) Karamu, Volume XIX, No. 2, Spring 2005.
  • "Invitation" (poem), in "A Walk in Shenzhen" (with Mary Ann O'Donnell), Writing Macao 3, 2005.
  • "The Walk Is" (poem), in "A Walk in Shenzhen" (with Mary Ann O'Donnell), Writing Macao 3, 2005.
  • "Silt" (poem), in "A Walk in Shenzhen" (with Mary Ann O'Donnell), Writing Macao 3, 2005.
  • "Skyward" (poem), in "A Walk in Shenzhen" (with Mary Ann O'Donnell), Writing Macao 3, 2005.
  • "Far Enough" (poem), in "A Walk in Shenzhen" (with Mary Ann O'Donnell), Writing Macao 3, 2005.
  • "Time and Again" (poem), in "A Walk in Shenzhen" (with Mary Ann O'Donnell), Writing Macao 3, 2005.
  • "High Places" (poem), in "A Walk in Shenzhen" (with Mary Ann O'Donnell), Writing Macao 3, 2005.
  • "Bright" (poem), in "A Walk in Shenzhen" (with Mary Ann O'Donnell), Writing Macao 3, 2005.
  • "Fluency" (poem), in "A Walk in Shenzhen" (with Mary Ann O'Donnell), Writing Macao 3, 2005.
  • "Where to Strike" (poem), in "A Walk in Shenzhen" (with Mary Ann O'Donnell), Writing Macao 3, 2005.
  • "Like This" (poem), in "A Walk in Shenzhen" (with Mary Ann O'Donnell), Writing Macao 3, 2005.
  • "Born Old" (poem), in "A Walk in Shenzhen" (with Mary Ann O'Donnell), Writing Macao 3, 2005.
  • "Inscribed" (poem), in "A Walk in Shenzhen" (with Mary Ann O'Donnell), Writing Macao 3, 2005.
  • "Still," (poem) Mid-America Poetry Review, Volume 6, Number 1, Spring 2005.
  • "Another War" (poem), Rambunctious Review, Volume XXI, 2004-2005.
  • "All She Has" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 1, Autumn 2004.
  • "An Arc in the Flood" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 1, Autumn 2004.
  • "Bend it Like Yao" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 1, Autumn 2004.
  • "Cheshire Cat" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 1, Autumn 2004.
  • "Cities of Conversation" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 1, Autumn 2004.
  • "Containment" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 1, Autumn 2004.
  • "Elegance" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 1, Autumn 2004.
  • "Floating on Summer Heat" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 1, Autumn 2004.
  • "Gone" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 1, Autumn 2004.
  • "Hong Kong Harbor" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 1, Autumn 2004.
  • "Infinite Names" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 1, Autumn 2004.
  • "Parable" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 1, Autumn 2004.
  • "Pearl River, Sunrise" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 1, Autumn 2004.
  • "Tall Enough" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 1, Autumn 2004.
  • "They Fly" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 1, Autumn 2004.
  • "Today's Catch" (poem), Moon City Review, Volume 6, Number 1, Autumn 2004.
  • "Li Bai's Blanket" (poem), Dim Sum, Volume 9, Autumn 2004.
  • "Opening" (poem), Dim Sum, Volume 9, Autumn 2004.
  • "The first time I ordered coffee in Hong Kong" (poem), Dim Sum, Volume 9, Autumn 2004.
  • "A Mao for Every Human Presence" (poem), Colere, Issue 4, 2004.
  • "How Can I Keep From Singing?" (poem) Poetry East, Number 52, Spring 2004.
  • "Aesthetics of Decay" (poem), Writing Macao 2, 2004.
  • "Atlas" (poem), Writing Macao 2, 2004.
  • "Guangdonghua, Macao" (poem), Writing Macao 2, 2004.
  • "Kun Iam" (poem), Writing Macao 2, 2004.
  • "One Sigh" (poem), Writing Macao 2, 2004.
  • "Red Guards" (poem), Writing Macao 2, 2004.
  • "Starting Here" (poem), Writing Macao 2, 2004.
  • "Sweeping" (poem), Writing Macao 2, 2004.
  • "The Tree in Guimiao Village" (poem), Writing Macao 2, 2004.
  • "Three Stones" (poem), Writing Macao 2, 2004.
  • "Traffic Safety" (poem), Writing Macao 2, 2004.
  • "Death's As Companionable As A Cat," (poem) Rambunctious Review, Volume XX, 2003-2004.
  • "The End Is," (poem) Rambunctious Review, Volume XX, 2003-2004.
  • "Learning to Bow," (poem) Mid-America Poetry Review, Volume 5, Number 1, Spring 2004.
  • "A Meditation on Ecclesiastes," (poem) AmarilloBay, Volume 6, Number 1, February 2004.
  • "A Seminar on Heart Surgery," (poem) Emily Dickinson Award in Poetry Anthology, Flagstaff, AZ: Universities West Press, 2003.
  • "Prophecy," (poem) Mid-America Poetry Review, Volume 4, Number 2, Summer-Autumn 2003.
  • "Two Tang Poems" (Translated with Liu Yingkai), AmarilloBay, Volume 5, Number 2, May 2003: Li Bai, "A Flash of Thought on a Quiet Night" and Liu Fangping, "A Moonlit Night"
  • "Buddhist Cats," (poem) The Cresset, Volume LXVI, Number 4, March 2003.
  • "South From Sweetwater," (poem) Valparaiso Poetry Review, Volume IV, Number 2, 2003.
  • "Krispy Kreme," (poem) Rhino, 2003.
  • "No Birches," (poem) Rambunctious Review, Volume XIX, 2002-2003.
  • "Last Days," (poem) The Cresset, Volume LXV, No. 9, December 2002.
  • "Wilderness," (poem) Mid-America Poetry Review, Volume 3, Number 3, Winter 2002-2003.
  • "Older Than Mountains," (poem) Texas Review, Volume 23 (1-2), Spring/Summer 2002.
  • "New World Order," (poem) AmarilloBay, Volume 4, Number 4, November 2002.
  • "How Thyme Cures Anthrax" (poem) AmarilloBay, Volume 4, Number 2, May 2002.
  • "Listen to Light" (poem) AmarilloBay, Volume 4, Number 2, May 2002.
  • "Turning" (poem) AmarilloBay, Volume 4, Number 2, May 2002.
  • "Icons," (poem) The Cresset, Volume LXV, Nos. 2&3, December 2001.
  • "To know the sea...," (poem) Rhino, 2001.
  • "Utah is a map of the world," (poem) Petroglyph, Fall 2000.
  • "Miami River," (poem) Mother of Invention, Fall 1999.
  • "Job's Cat," (short story) Mother of Invention, Fall 1999.
  • "April 1999," (poem) Mother of Invention, Fall 1999.
  • "Dusk (Allegheny Forest, May 1999)," (poem) Mother of Invention, Fall 1999.
  • "Dallas," (poem) Halcyon 21, Community in the American West. Reno: Nevada Humanities Committee, 1999.
  • "Mockingbird," (poem) Halcyon 21, Community in the American West. Reno: Nevada Humanities Committee, 1999.
  • "San Antonio," (poem) Halcyon 21, Community in the American West. Reno: Nevada Humanities Committee, 1999.
  • "Elk City Dialogue," (poem) Halcyon 21, Community in the American West. Reno: Nevada Humanities Committee, 1999.
  • "Talk Radio," (poem) Detours 2, 1998.
  • "Transfixed," (poem) Detours 2, 1998.
  • "nuclear explosion," (poem) Detours 2, 1998.
  • "Let Sleeping Dogs Lie," (short story) Detours 2, 1998.
  • "They'll try to tell you...," (poem) Emily Dickinson Award in Poetry Anthology, Flagstaff, AZ: Universities West Press, 1997.
  • "weather report," (poem) Georgetown Review, Volume 4, No. 2, Fall 1996.
  • "a story about a man I think in New Jersey," (poem) Rambunctious Review, Volume XIII, 1996-97.
  • "Presence of Mind/Body of Thought," (poem) Rambunctious Review, Volume XIII, 1996-97.
  • "River of My Childhood," (poem) Rambunctious Review, Volume XII, 1995-96.
  • "Good Faith (One Cannot Be Present Alone),"(poem) Rhino, 1995.
  • "Why Sarah Laughed," (short story) Rambunctious Review, Volume XI, 1994-95.
  • "It is Good for My Heart," (poem) Mosaic, Spring 1994.
  • "On Measuring Coastlines," (poem) Mosaic, Spring 1994.
  • "Memo Re: God," (poem) Rambunctious Review, Volume X, 1993.